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Khorramabad is the capital of Lorestan province in the west of Iran. This scenically appealing city is located at an elevation of 1,147 meters (3,763 ft) above sea level in the glorious Zagros Mountains. According to the 2011 census, it had a population of 348,216, being the 23rd most populous city in the country. It is 490 km southwest of Tehran, the capital of the country. With a Mediterranean climate, the city has sufficient rainfall, especially in the spring and winter, and is the sixth wettest province capital in Iran. The city was selected, for the first time in Iran, as a model touristic city by the regional office of the United Nations. The airport of Khorramabad is 3 km south of the city. There are several historical and natural attractions in the city of Khorramabad. The most important attraction of the city is a castle called Falak-ol-Aflak (literally meaning “The Heaven of Heavens”), which is one of the most impressive and attractive castles in Iran. It lies on a hill in the center of the city, and near a river that runs past the eastern and southwestern sides of the castle. The castle, which is now a nationally popular museum, dates back to the Sassanid era when the Sassanid dynasty ruled the last Iranian empire from 224 to 651 AD before the rise of Islam. The castle is over 1,800 years old, and covers an area of approximately 300 by 400 meters. In different eras, the castle has been used as a residence for governors, a prison, a garrison, and currently a museum. A prominent natural attraction of the city is Kiu Lake. The lake is situated alongside an attractive park with the same name in the northwestern part of the city. The water of the lake is supplied by natural springs. Gerdab Sangi (literally meaning “the Stone Whirlpool”) is located in Takhti Square in eastern Khorramabad. The whirlpool, made of stones and plaster, dates back to the Sassanid era (224-651 AD). It is a circular whirlpool that was built primarily to distribute water accurately and optimally. Brick Minaret is a brick tower located in the south of Khorramabad. The tower is 900 years old and served mainly as a guidepost for caravans in ancient times. It is approximately 30 meters tall, and there is a spiral staircase of 99 stairs inside the tower. Shapoori Bridge or Pol-e-Shekasteh (literally meaning “the Broken Bridge”) is a bridge located in southern Khorramabad. The bridge was mainly used to connect the western and eastern parts of the province. Being 312 meters long and 10.75 meters high, the bridge has 28 arches, five of which are intact. The Inscribed Stone, cave-dwelling sites, spectacular waterfalls, impressive springs, and extraordinary bridges are among other historical and natural attractions inside or around the city of Khorramabad.

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