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 Health information technology (HIT) is Information Technology applied to Health and Health care. It supports Health Information Managment across computerized systems and the secure exchange of health information between consumers, providers, payers, and quality monitors.



Based on an often-cited 2008 report on a small series of studies conducted at four sites that provide ambulatory care–three U.S. medical centers and one in the Netherlands– the use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) was viewed as the most promising tool for improving the overall quality, safety and efficiency of the health delivery system. A 2006 report by the Quality broad and consistent utilization of HIT will:

·         Improve health care quality or effectiveness;

·         Increase health care productivity or efficiency;

·         Prevent medical errors and increase health care accuracy and procedural correctness;

·         Reduce health care costs;

·         Increase administrative efficiencies and healthcare work processes;

·         Decrease paperwork and unproductive or idle work time;

·         Extend real-time communications of health informatics among health care professionals; and

·         Expand access to affordable care.




Risk-based regulatory framework for health IT September 4, 2013 the Health IT Policy Committee (HITPC) accepted and approved recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) working group for a risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC), and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) kicked off the FDASIA workgroup of the HITPC to provide stakeholder input into a report on a risk-based regulatory framework that promotes safety and innovation and reduces regulatory duplication, consistent with section 618 of FDASIA. This provision permitted the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to form a workgroup in order to obtain broad stakeholder input from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum. The FDA, ONC, and FCC actively participated in these discussions with stakeholders from across the health care, IT, patients and innovation spectrum.

HIMSS Good Informatics Practices-GIP is aligned with FDA risk-based regulatory framework for health information technology. GIP development began in 2004 developing risk-based IT technical guidance. Today the GIP peer-review and published modules are an excellent tool for educating Health IT professionals.

Interoperable HIT will improve individual patient care, but it will also bring many public health benefits including:

·         Early detection of infectious disease outbreaks around the country;

·         Improved tracking of chronic disease management; and

·         Evaluation of health care based on value enabled by the collection of de-identified price and quality information that can be compared.

According to the article published by the Internal Journal of Medical Informatics, Health information sharing between patients and providers helps to improve diagnosis, promotes self-care, and patients also know more information about their health. The use of electronic medical records (EMRs) is still scarce now but is increasing in Canada, American and British primary care. Healthcare information in EMRs are important sources for clinical, research, and policy questions. Health information privacy (HIP) and security has been a big concern for patients and providers. Studies in Europe evaluating electronic health information poses a threat to electronic medical records and exchange of personal information.




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