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Currently, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries, and more than half of all cases of coronary artery disease in these countries are due to blood lipid disorders (hyperlipidemia). High levels of total cholesterol and LDL-C as well as low levels of HDL-C have been identified as risk factors for the disease. Recent studies also suggest a possible role of abnormal triglyceride metabolism in atherosclerosis. On the other hand, the available evidence indicates that atherosclerosis begins in childhood and progresses slowly into adulthood, at which time it manifests itself as coronary heart disease. This highlights the importance of preventing cardiovascular disease from childhood by modifying risk factors such as hyperlipidemia.
Limited previous studies confirm the significant prevalence of hyperlipidemia in Iran. In order to prevent the aggravation of such problems in the future, it is necessary to conduct extensive and epidemiological studies at present. Such studies will enable us to gather the necessary information by recognizing different dimensions and the nature of the problem and to prepare and formulate prevention programs for the community on a large scale to be implemented at national level. So far, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia in Khuzestan province has not been documented. The Hyperlipidemia Research Center aims to investigate the prevalence of this important risk factor and the factors affecting it in the urban community of Ahvaz and, if possible, in Khuzestan province. The results of this line of inquiry can be used by medical policy making bodies to reduce this risk factor through prevention and treatment.

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