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History of AJUMS

The History of Jundishapur and its Role in the Medical History of Iran

At the north-west of Khuzestan in the Sasanid times, there was a large and settled city with beautiful sugarcane farms, fluent runnels (streams) and blooming gardens, which aside from its beauty, was considered as one of the greatest centers for science and culture at the time. This city was named Jundishapur which due to its famous medical college and hospital, had gained a tremendous reputation at that days world and kept calling for scientists and researcher from everywhere.


The Jundishapur Founder

The First Shapur, found this city, who was Ardeshir’s son. Jundishapur as historians had written, was one of the septet regions of Khuzestan which Ahvaz had been the capital of the Khuzestan province from the beginning and in the Second Shapur period, Jundishapur would been chosen as capital of the Khuzestan province and also the capital of Sassanian government..

How Jundishapur was Named?

When Shapoor in war with valerian Caesar II , won and achieved the Antioch (one of the cities of present Turkey) , called it (Vah Andio Shapur) Which means (Better than Antioch, the Jundishaur) and the smoother ( City Shapoor is better than Antioch)! and later with Jundishapur or GondiShapoor dialects were spoken!

Inflorescence of Jundishapur
There is no doubt that the best period which Jundishapur has experienced untill now, had been the cultural movement of Iran, at Anushiravan period. As some historians have written, Khosrow Anushiravan had a great interest in science and khnowledge, this interest had been his main motivation for gathering the scientists and medics of that time. On his period, Jundishapur University achieved worthy progress and by his order, medic Barzooye and a group of Iranian medics travelled to India to get access to medical Indian books. Undoubtedly, this travel which had been related to the Junishapur University, would have been the start point of worthy events for this Scientific Station and its students. In some historical books, has been written about establishment of the exam sessions in Khosrow period especially to test medics then to give permission to medics to start working as a doctor. In Tarikh ol Hokamaa description of one of these meetings has been mentioned which can be called the first medical congress in Jundishapur.

Jundishapur Hospital and its Mission

Georgie Zeidan (Arab Christian author) writes in this regard: khosroo anoshiravan built Jundishapur hospital for the treatment of patients and medical education and hired doctors from India and Greece to teach Greek medicine and Indian medicine (Hippocrates) ! So the Iranians were two medical students and Jundishapur hospital finding unique fame in the world of that day! Georgie Zeidan as (hospitals Islam) writes: hospital is a Persian word and refers to place of patients . In the course of Islamic civilization , the Hospital was inclusive medical schools too Where they read medicine course and virtually all patients were examined and identified. Arabs learned hospital building from the Iranians , and Established hospitals like as Jundishapur that was the biggest hospital before Islam ,in the different parts of the Islamic Countries.


Impact and Influence of Jundishapur in the World of Islam

Despite of the depression gripped Jundishapur at the era of Abbasid reign and the destruction of its buildings, the spiritual influence of Jundishapur is well evident in all Islamic eras because its medical college and hospital formed a foundation for other similar Islamic institutes. Besides, in the culture of Islam, the scientists who educated there, made a lot of try and effort in the establishment of the scientific bases of Islam. Some of the historians have stated that some of the graduates of this university migrated to Jazirato-l-Arab and pioneered in Islamic crusade whose basis was on justice and monotheism. It is said that the individual doctor of Muhammad (the prophet) was from this university and also has been stated that the reputation of truthfulness in the course and debate sessions of this university was to such an extent that Imam Ali (peace be upon him) was a candidate for the professorship at the university, but because of the critical duties were on his charge, Jundishapur university was deprived from this honor. Certainly, the medical science got a great enhancement in the valley of Islam, and famous physicians rose among Muslims, but this fact must always be kept in mind that the most important resources that transferred several thousand-year treasure of mankind in this science to Muslims, were the invaluable books and works that collected and codified due to the several hundred-year efforts of scientist physicians from multiple societies including Iranians, Greeks, Indians, and Syriacs. The establishment of hospital in Baghdad in the age of Haroono-r-Rashid was a complete imitation of Jundishapur hospital and was managed under supervision of Jundishapur. The early authorings/translations of medical science books in/to Arabic was done by this group of physicians of Jundishapur. Many of medicines and medicinal plants in Arabic medical books, were named in their Iranian names, and similarly a major part of them have Persian names nowadays. Doubtlessly the cause of this is the fact that original source of such books were Iranian counterparts already existed in Jundishapur, and since the first authors of these books were from Jundishapur’s physicians and familiar to Persian language, thus many of expressions and interpretations appeared and remained in that books in their original from.

Interpretation of University Logo

The main element of the logo, has been derived from brick decoration forms which is common in architectural structures of the region. In the South region of Iran, especially in Khuzestan the South west of Iran after appearance of Islam in Iran and also in Shush before appearance of Islam in Iran, in architectural structures with religious aspects, whether shrines and fire-temples before Islam or Mosques and Hosseinies after Islam, bricks has been used. The combination of religious forms and laboratory containers shows ”duplication of two Erlenmeyer flasks” in each other which the top part of them, associates the idea of reiteration of 4 test tubes. Two designed Erlenmeyer flasks are on the open book which the open book stands for education for everyone and also the book element is a symbol of educational and academic issues. The Symmetry in logo has been used on the base of Symmetry in Islamic arts.




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